Broad Lane, Nantwich, Cheshire, CW5 7QL

01270 906124

admin@stapeleybl.cheshire.sch.uk

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Stapeley Broad Lane CofE Primary School

Physical Education

Physical education develops the children’s knowledge, skills and understanding, so that they can perform with increasing competence and confidence in a range of physical activities. These include dance, games, gymnastics, swimming and water safety, athletics and outdoor adventure activities. Physical education promotes an understanding in children of their bodies in action. It involves thinking, selecting and applying skills and promotes positive attitudes towards a healthy lifestyle. Thus we enable them to make informed choices about physical activity throughout their lives.

The aims of PE are:

•to enable children to develop and explore physical skills with increasing control and co-ordination;

•to encourage children to work and play with others in a range of group situations;

•to develop the way children perform skills and apply rules and conventions for different activities;

•to increase children’s ability to use what they have learnt to improve the quality and control of their performance;

•to teach children to recognise and describe how their bodies feel during exercise;

•to develop the children’s enjoyment of physical activity through creativity and imagination;

•to develop an understanding in children of how to succeed in a range of physical activities and how to evaluate their own success.

 

 

During Key Stage 1 pupils build on their natural enthusiasm for movement, using it to explore and learn about their world. They start to work and play with other pupils in pairs and small groups. By watching, listening and experimenting, they develop their skills in movement and coordination, and enjoy expressing and testing themselves in a variety of situations.

Knowledge, skills and understanding

Acquiring and developing skills

1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. explore basic skills, actions and ideas with increasing understanding
b. remember and repeat simple skills and actions with increasing control and coordination.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

2. Pupils should be taught to:
a. explore how to choose and apply skills and actions in sequence and in combination
b. vary the way they perform skills by using simple tactics and movement phrases
c. apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

3. Pupils should be taught to:
a. describe what they have done
b. observe, describe and copy what others have done
c. use what they have learnt to improve the quality and control of their work.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

4. Pupils should be taught:
a. how important it is to be active
b. to recognise and describe how their bodies feel during different activities.

Breadth of study

5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through dance activities, games activities and gymnastic activities.

Dance activities

6. Pupils should be taught to:
a. use movement imaginatively, responding to stimuli, including music, and performing basic skills [for example, travelling, being still, making a shape, jumping, turning and gesturing]
b. change the rhythm, speed, level and direction of their movements
c. create and perform dances using simple movement patterns, including those from different times and cultures
d. express and communicate ideas and feelings.

Games activities

7. Pupils should be taught to:
a. travel with, send and receive a ball and other equipment in different ways
b. develop these skills for simple net, striking/fielding and invasion-type games
c. play simple, competitive net, striking/fielding and invasion-type games that they and others have made, using simple tactics for attacking and defending.

Gymnastic activities

8. Pupils should be taught to:
a. perform basic skills in travelling, being still, finding space and using it safely, both on the floor and using apparatus
b. develop the range of their skills and actions [for example, balancing, taking off and landing, turning and rolling]
c. choose and link skills and actions in short movement phrases
d. create and perform short, linked sequences that show a clear beginning, middle and end and have contrasts in direction, level and speed.

 

During Key Stage 2 pupils enjoy being active and using their creativity and imagination in physical activity. They learn new skills, find out how to use them in different ways, and link them to make actions, phrases and sequences of movement. They enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They develop an understanding of how to succeed in different activities and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.

Knowledge, skills and understanding

Acquiring and developing skills

1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. consolidate their existing skills and gain new ones
b. perform actions and skills with more consistent control and quality.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

2. Pupils should be taught to:
a. plan, use and adapt strategies, tactics and compositional ideas for individual, pair, small-group and small-team activities
b. develop and use their knowledge of the principles behind the strategies, tactics and ideas to improve their effectiveness
c. apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

3. Pupils should be taught to:
a. identify what makes a performance effective
b. suggest improvements based on this information.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

4. Pupils should be taught:
a. how exercise affects the body in the short term
b. to warm up and prepare appropriately for different activities
c. why physical activity is good for their health and well-being
d. why wearing appropriate clothing and being hygienic is good for their health and safety.

Breadth of study

5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through the following areas of activity:
a. dance activities
b. games activities
c. gymnastic activities

d. swimming activities and water safety
e. athletic activities
f. outdoor and adventurous activities.

Dance activities

6. Pupils should be taught to:
a. create and perform dances using a range of movement patterns, including those from different times, places and cultures
b. respond to a range of stimuli and accompaniment.

Games activities

7. Pupils should be taught to:
a. play and make up small-sided and modified competitive net, striking/fielding and invasion games
b. use skills and tactics and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending
c. work with others to organise and keep the games going.

Gymnastic activities

8. Pupils should be taught to:
a. create and perform fluent sequences on the floor and using apparatus
b. include variations in level, speed and direction in their sequences.

Swimming activities and water safety

9. Pupils should be taught to:
a. pace themselves in floating and swimming challenges related to speed, distance and personal survival
b. swim unaided for a sustained period of time over a distance of at least 25m
c. use recognised arm and leg actions, lying on their front and back
d. use a range of recognised strokes and personal survival skills [for example, front crawl, back crawl, breaststroke, sculling, floating and surface diving].

Athletic activities

10. Pupils should be taught to:
a. take part in and design challenges and competitions that call for precision, speed, power or stamina
b. use running, jumping and throwing skills both singly and in combination
c. pace themselves in these challenges and competitions.

Outdoor and adventurous activities

11. Pupils should be taught to:
a. take part in outdoor activity challenges, including following trails, in familiar, unfamiliar and changing environments
b. use a range of orienteering and problem-solving skills
c. work with others to meet the challenges.