During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their creativity and imagination by exploring the visual, tactile and sensory qualities of materials and processes. They learn about the role of art, craft and design in their environment. They begin to understand colour, shape and space and pattern and texture and use them to represent their ideas and feelings.

Knowledge, skills and understanding

Exploring and developing ideas

1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. record from first-hand observation, experience and imagination, and explore ideas
b. ask and answer questions about the starting points for their work, and develop their ideas.

Investigating and making art, craft and design

2. Pupils should be taught to:
a. investigate the possibilities of a range of materials and processes
b. try out tools and techniques and apply these to materials and processes, including drawing
c. represent observations, ideas and feelings, and design and make images and artefacts.

Evaluating and developing work

3. Pupils should be taught to:
a. review what they and others have done and say what they think and feel about it
b. identify what they might change in their current work or develop in their future work.

Knowledge and understanding

4. Pupils should be taught about:
a. visual and tactile elements, including colour, pattern and texture, line and tone, shape, form and space
b. materials and processes used in making art, craft and design
c. differences and similarities in the work of artists, craftspeople and designers in different times and cultures [for example, sculptors, photographers, architects, textile designers].

Breadth of study

5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through:
a. exploring a range of starting points for practical work 
b. working on their own, and collaborating with others, on projects in two and three dimensions and on different scales
c. using a range of materials and processes 
d. investigating different kinds of art, craft and design

 

Key Stage 2

During Key Stage 2 pupils develop their creativity and imagination through more complex activities. These help to build on their skills and improve their control of materials, tools and techniques. They increase their critical awareness of the roles and purposes of art, craft and design in different times and cultures. They become more confident in using visual and tactile elements and materials and processes to communicate what they see, feel and think.

 

Knowledge, skills and understanding

Exploring and developing ideas

1. Pupils should be taught to:
a. record from experience and imagination, to select and record from first-hand observation and to explore ideas for different purposes
b. question and make thoughtful observations about starting points and select ideas to use in their work
c. collect visual and other information to help them develop their ideas, including using a sketchbook.

Investigating and making art, craft and design

2. Pupils should be taught to:
a. investigate and combine visual and tactile qualities of materials and processes and to match these qualities to the purpose of the work
b. apply their experience of materials and processes, including drawing, developing their control of tools and techniques
c. use a variety of methods and approaches to communicate observations, ideas and feelings, and to design and make images and artefacts.

Evaluating and developing work

3. Pupils should be taught to:
a. compare ideas, methods and approaches in their own and others' work and say what they think and feel about them
b. adapt their work according to their views and describe how they might develop it further.

Knowledge and understanding

4. Pupils should be taught about:
a. visual and tactile elements, including colour, pattern and texture, line and tone, shape, form and space, and how these elements can be combined and organised for different purposes
b. materials and processes used in art, craft and design and how these can be matched to ideas and intentions
c. the roles and purposes of artists, craftspeople and designers working in different times and cultures

Breadth of study

5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through:
a. exploring a range of starting points for practical work 
b. working on their own, and collaborating with others, on projects in two and three dimensions and on different scales
c. using a range of materials and processes, including ICT 
d. investigating art, craft and design in the locality and in a variety of genres, styles and traditions.